Two natural persons and a company from England have registered three trademarks with the names „Boca părintele”, „Arsenie” and „Imaginea lui Arsenie Boca” at the European Union Intellectual Property Office. After one year, they assigned the right of exploitation in Romania to a company from Arad. The representative of this company filed criminal complaints and notified a large number of entities to use these trademarks only after the purchase of holograms. Following repeated complaints by the holders of the trademarks, the police seized icons and souvenirs from this category and initiated criminal investigations for the illegal use of a trademark. Following documentation in this regard, the police applied administrative fines for the abusive calling of the emergency number 112 and trademark beneficiaries filed criminal complaints against a number of policemen. The phenomenon extended in several areas of the country, therefore it was decided that the files be referred to the Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice. The criminal investigations may not disregard the legality of the registration of these trademarks, which should be analyzed in the light of internal legislation, read in conjunction with the regulations of the European Union.