Ramona Dumitraşcu**

Abstract

Internet offers without a doubt unlimited possibilities in accessibility, for anyone and everyone to utilize which implies transparency and as consequence, total exposure which automatically will result in vulnerability. Software programs on which internet is based are therefore highly vulnerable to piracy. This article describes one particular method to protect these programs from unlawful infringement: encryption and variations thereof, the legal consequences and pro and cons of the different variants. Is obvious that the evolution in the development of protective measures for the software programs has made great strides toward garding the intellectual properties rights, however due to the major interests, ingenuity, and ever evolving techniques a continued alertness is required.

 

* Lucrare prezentată în cadrul „Conferinţei internaţionale bienale” a Facultăţii de drept din cadrul Universităţii de Vest din Timişoara, secţiunea de Dreptul proprietăţii intelectuale, organizată în colaborare cu ASDPI şi RRDPI, Timişoara, 28-29 octombrie 2016.

** Drd., avocat Baroul Bucureşti, E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea.

Bujorel Florea*

Abstract

This study is among the author’s preoccupations to highlight the main legal aspects related to the most common types of sale, whether or not regulated by the current Civil Code. The author started from the idea that every type of sale features specific aspects, whose disclosure and knowledge can lead to correct and balanced interpretations and enforcement of the legal rules or related contractual terms.

The study also considered the fact that the principle of freedom of contract governing the area of contracts in our legal system can give rise to a wide range of contractual terms and types of sale, as “the variety of arrangements making up the legal trade is virtually unlimited”1.

The article reveals doctrinal viewpoints defining artwork as an object of sale, and certain conditions are mentioned that a property needs to meet to be considered an artwork and that this type of sale is validly concluded.

There are also depicted some errors that may occur in terms of assessing the authenticity of artworks, which can cause the sale to become invalid.

 

* Conf. univ. dr., Facultatea de Ştiinţe Juridice, Politice şi Administrative Bucureşti a Universităţii Spiru Haret, Avocat Baroul Bucureşti, E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

Sonia Florea**

Abstract

The study argues that the current regulation1 of plagiarism and self-plagiarism, as defined by the provisions of Law no. 206/2004 regarding the conduct in scientific research, technological development and innovation and sanctioned according to the procedures stipulated in Law no. 1/2011 on the National Education, the Law no. 319/2003 regarding the Status of Research and Development Personnel and the Government Decision no. 681/2011 approving the Code of Doctoral Studies, as amended by Government Decision no. 134/2016, is able to effectively prevent and punish breaches of the rules of good conduct in research and development and to ensure that the academic standards practiced by Romanian universities comply with rules of good conduct of academic work already adopted and applied by European universities, provided that, under the principle of university autonomy exercised ''only under public accountability'', Romanian universities and research institution find pragmatic solutions in order for academics, students and researchers to know what plagiarism and self-plagiarism consist of, how to avoid them, what are the rules of academic writing, what are the rules for for taking, from works of other authors (protected or not by copyright), texts, expressions or ideas, any data or any kind of information, what are the sanctions for committing plagiarism and self-plagiarism. It is essential that the sanctions provided by the law are effectively applied in reality. Only by such kind of effective and pragmantic measures, including the effective use of computer programes for the detection of plagiarism and self-plagiarism, may be avoided the risk of undermining the academic standards adopted and practiced by Romanian universities and of discrediting the diplomas issued by Romanian universities.

 

* Lucrare prezentată în cadrul „Conferinţei internaţionale bienale” a Facultăţii de drept din cadrul Universităţii de Vest din Timişoara, secţiunea de Dreptul proprietăţii intelectuale, organizată în colaborare cu ASDPI şi RRDPI, Timişoara, 28-29 octombrie 2016.
** Avocat în Baroul Bucureşti (2003, Diplomă de Merit); doctor în drept procesual civil, Facultatea de Drept, Universitatea din Bucureşti (2013, calificativ Excelent - Summa cum laude); Masterat în drept (LLM), University College of London, University of London, (2004, calificativ Merit); e-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea.

Nicoleta Rodica Dominte*

Abstract

The expression ‘transformative uses’ encompasses all derivative creations based on pre-existing works without authorization of the author of the original work, whether they are protected by copyright or not. The main exceptions allowing transformative uses on the European continent are quotation, parody, and incidental uses.

The US Courts affirmed that the fair-use doctrine applies to non-commercial works that use copyrighted material as long as the material is not the dominant part of the video or affect the value of the work. The case refers to a video of a child dancing wildly in the kitchen while the radio is playing a great guitar solo (‘Let’s go crazy’ - by Prince). The mother decides to upload it on YouTube in order to share it with friends. In creating this video, multiple exclusive rights are involved, such as the reproduction right and the right to communicating the music to the public. When the mother posted the 29-second clip of her 13-month-old son dancing to Prince's "Let's Go Crazy", the Universal Music Group, responsible for enforcing the copyright on Prince's catalog, asked YouTube to remove the video. Fair use is a legal doctrine only in the United States. It permits limited use of copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders and very different from the exceptions and limitations stipulated by European national laws. On the other hand, in European jurisdictions such a use will probably be held as an infringement.

The case presented above could be an example for user-generated content, a new and unique exception from Canadian Copyright Act. Non-commercial user-generated content was introduced in Canadian Copyright Act in 2012. In Europe, the authors of the Gower Review proposed "that Directive 2001/29/EC be amended to allow for an exception for creative, transformative or derivative works, within the parameters of the Berne Three Step Test."

 

* Lector univ. dr., Facultatea de Drept, Universitatea „Al. I. Cuza” Iaşi, E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

Silviu G. Totelecan**

Abstract

This interdisciplinary paper, a fine combination of juridical studies, arts and socio-anthropology, investigates the digital turn and its effects upon authors and their work, with a special gaze on the nowadays arts world. It starts with a brief historical review of the copyright regulations in Romania, and then introduces issues such transnationalism vision and glocal blending, as inseparable vectors of worldview making in our contemporary times, influencing and leading the future-to-be national strategies for the digital realm. One of the key-concepts launched here is that of telematics machine, seen both as the meta-instrument of art transfiguration into digital image, as much as its backward reconfi-guration. After exposing a few cases that provide glimpses for a better understanding of real virtuality, the end of the article brings to the fore possible ways – outlined after the Creative Commons copyright licenses and the copyleft licensing – of dealing with the intellectual properties in their transition from private commodities to public goods.

 

* Textul de faţă este un produs derivat (şi totuşi diferit) din comunicarea ştiinţifică „The Telematics Machine: Productivity in the Digital Age and Intellectual Property in Post-capitalism”, prezentare orală pe care am susţinut-o în cadrul sesiunii a V-a („Tehnologia, internetul şi accesul la proprietatea intelectuală”) a Secţiunii III – „Intellectual Property Law: Trends and Transformations in Intellectual Property infringement and enforcement”, din cadrul celei de-a XI-a ediţii a Conferinţei Internaţionale Bienale organizate în perioada 28-29 octombrie 2016 de Facultatea de Drept a Universităţii de Vest din Timişoara şi Centrul European de Studii şi Cercetări Juridice Timişoara.

 

** Cercetător ştiinţific II, dr., Academia Română – Filiala Cluj-Napoca, E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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